Renate Simpson obituary
My mother, Renate Simpson, who has died aged 89, was a refugee, communist and historian who translated Karl Marx and wrote histories of the PhD in Britain.
She was born in Berlin, the youngest of six children of Berta and Robert Rene Kuczynski. Her father was a statistician and economist who was hounded out of Germany for his radical politics and Jewish parentage. Renate studied at the London School of Economics from the age of 16. She talked of her good luck in being evacuated with the LSE to Cambridge during the second world war, as she was able to attend lectures from both universities and learn from socialist and communist thinkers including Harold Laski and Maurice Dobb.